Safety Belts (Ν. 174(Ι)/1986 – PART ΙΙΙ) TERMINOLOGY «Motor vehicle» means the vehicle with engine of categories Μ1, Μ2, Μ3, N1, Ν2 και Ν3, as described below: Category Μ1: Vehicles that have been designed and constructed for the transport of people and have at the most eight seats other than the driver’s seat (saloon) Category Μ2: Vehicles that have been designed and constructed for the transport of people and have more than eight seats, other than the driver’s seat and have maximum weight that does not exceed 5 tones (small buses) Category Μ3: Vehicles that have been designed and build for the transport of people and have more than eight seats other than the driver’s seat and have maximum weight of 5 tonnes (big buses). Category Ν1: Vehicles that have been designed and build for the transport of goods and have maximum volume that does not exceed 3.5 tones (e.g. double cabins) Category Ν2: Vehicles that have been designed and build for the transport of goods and have maximum volume from 3.5 to 12 tones (lorries). Category Ν3: Vehicles that have been designed and build for the transport of goods and have maximum volume over 12 tones (big lorries) «Safety systems» includes safety belts and constraining systems or constraining systems (child and high chairs) for children. OBLIGATION FOR SAFETY BELTS IN VEHICLES (1) No motor vehicle will be registered by the Republic unless is fitted with safety belts or restraining systems fitted to fixed areas of the vehicle frame that will be used by the driver and the passengers of the vehicle. (2) Every registered motor vehicle must, with effect from the date shown on the subparagraphs 2(a) to 2(c) below, to have safety belts or restraining systems fitted on the frame of the vehicle, which will be used by the driver and the passengers of the vehicle. (α) All registered motor vehicles of Category M2 (that have maximum volume above 3.5 tones), N1 and M1 that have been build before the 1st January 1988, must have safety belts or restraining systems in all front seats. (β) All registered motor vehicles of Category M2 (that have maximum volume above 3.5 tones), N1 and M1 that have been build before the 1st January 1988, must have safety belts or restraining systems in all seats (γ) All registered motor vehicles (of all categories) build before the 28th December 2007, must have safety belts or restraining systems in all seats (3) In special circumstances and when there are special conditions, which refer to the Legislation, the Registrar may by his authority exempt some vehicles or person from the obligation of installing or using seat belts or restraining systems. CONSTRAINING SYSTEMS FOR CHILDREN (1) The restraining systems for children (children seats) must be used according to the weight of every child, as follows: (α) Group Ο children weighing below 10 Kg (β) » Ο+ » » » below 13 Kg (γ) » Ι » » » from 9 to 18 Kg (δ) » ΙΙ » » » from 15 to 25 Kg (ε) » ΙΙΙ » » » from 22 to 36 Kg (2) All constraining systems for children (children seats) must be in accordance with the standards of the United Nations that are followed by all EU countries. This is shown with a specific badge which includes: (α) Capital letter Ε (β) A letter after the letter Ε which shows the country of approval (γ) The upper and lower weight limit of the child for which the seat can be used. (δ) The word UNIVERSAL which means that the seat is compatible with all the makes and models of cars. (ε) The number of the United Nations ECE R/44/03 or similar. USE OF SAFETY SYSTEMS IN MOTOR VEHICLES OF CATEGORY Μ1, N1, Ν2 AND Ν3 (1) Every person driving a motor vehicle of category Μ1, Ν1, Ν2 and Ν3 at any road or public place and every person that is a passenger at any seat of such a vehicle, is obliged to use the safety systems. (2) Children under the height of 150 cm may sit in any seat of a vehicle of categories Μ1, Ν1, Ν2 and Ν3 which is equipped with safety systems, if they are constrained with a restraining system for children adjusted to the weight of the child. (3) It is forbidden to use a restraining system for children which allows the forehead on the back (i.e. the seat is placed reversely from the direction of the movement of the vehicle) in a passengers seat which is protected by an air bag, unless the air bag has been deactivated. (4) Vehicles of categories Μ1, Ν1, Ν2 and Ν3 which are not equipped with safety systems. (a) children under 3 years are not allowed to travel. (b) children above 3 years and height below 150cm but at least 135cm may sit in any seat other than the front seat, provided they are constrained with a safety belt for adults. When they are travelling in a taxi they may not be constrained by a constraining system for children. If the taxi does not have a constraining system then the children must sit in the back seats. (5) Upon permission of the Registrar: (a) when the fitting of two constraining systems for children in the back area of vehicles of category Μ1 and Ν1 is creating obstacles, due to lack of space, for the fitting of a third system, a third child, of 3 years and above and more than 150 cm in height, may be constrained using a safety belt for adults. (b) when it involves a one off transport for a small distance and there is no constraining system for children or not sufficient constraining systems in a vehicle of category m1 or N1, children of 3 year sand above must be constrained using a safety belt for adults in all seats, except the front seats. USE OF SAFETY SYSTEMS IN MOTOR VEHICLES OF CATEGORY M2 AND M3 (1) Every person aged 3 and above in any vehicle of category M2 and M3, must use safety systems which are fitted to these vehicles. (2) The driver or front seat passenger of a vehicle of category Μ2 and Μ3 or the person that has been set as the person in charge of the group and is also in the vehicle must inform the passengers that they are obliged to use their seat belts when seated and the vehicles is moving. The announcement can also be made using visually recorded video or signs or specific image, place in a visible location on the seat of each passenger. (3) Upon permission by the Registrar, the obligation to fit safety seat belts or constraining systems, is not complied with in cases where there are particular conditions of use of vehicles of category M2 and m3, that are intended for local transport and drive in urban areas or residential areas or where there are standing areas. TRANSPORT OF PERSONS BELOW 16 YEARS OLD A person driving a motor vehicle in any road or pubic place and allows permits or tolerates the non compliance by a person below 16 years old, according to the provisions of this Law is guilty of an offence unless he/she has taken all reasonable necessary measures of warning, before, and during the transport, that the use of constraining systems is obligatory.